The historic centre of Liptovský Mikuláš is a pedestrian zone, so it offers its visitors peaceful walks between ancient landmarks and colourful burgher houses. In some views, their beauty stands out against the background of the surrounding mountains. Here you can visit its TOP 12 tourist attractions - unique museums, galleries, sacred and architectural monuments. A promotional leaflet,
which is available in the printed version at the INFORMATION CENTRE
, will make it easier for you to find your way. Here you can also order the services of local tourist guides
, from whom you will learn the most about the attractions.
12. NKP Čierny Orol Liptov Museum
In the immediate vicinity of the historic centre, there are several parking lots where you can comfortably park your car. If you arrive by bus or train, the bus and train stations are in the same place on Štefánikova Ulica (Street), 1 km (approx. 13 min. walk) from the historic centre. Most public bus lines and selected suburban bus lines have stops around the historic centre.
1. St Nicholas Church
The oldest architectural monument of the town is at the same time the largest early Gothic building in the region of Liptov.
"This 'antique' window gave the impression of heavenly magic, so new donors applied for more windows," recalls the writer and painter Janko Alexy at the time when the first stained glass window was installed in the church
Initially, the St Nicholas Church stand alone in the middle of the countryside. Gradually, a settlement and later the town of Saint Nicholas (Svätý Mikuláš) was developed around it. Originally, it was only a small Romanesque church, which took over the role of the sacristy during further reconstruction in 1280-1300, and today it is the oldest part of this majestic sacred building. The church has undergone several alterations over the centuries. The early Gothic appearance was given to it during an extensive reconstruction in 1941-1943, when the side chapels were added and beautiful stained glass windows were installed. The interior preserves a stone baptistery from 1490 with a wrought copper Baroque cap, and especially, three rare Gothic panel altars. The central statue of the main altar is St. Nicholas, who gave the name to the church and the town, and is also depicted on town´s seal and coat-of-arms. The main entrance to the church is decorated by the figure of blessing Nicholas.
► More information on a tour of the inside of the church, including audio guides.
St Nicholas church,
Námestie osloboditeľov 27, Roman Catholic parish office,
Moyzesova 662/3, tel: +421 44 552 21 42
Church tours: 1.7. - 31.8. Mon - Fri: 10.00-12.00, 13.00-17.00;
open all year-round during Holly Mass: Mon - Fri: 6.15, 18.15*, Sat: 7.00,18:15*, Sun: 6.15, 8.00, 9.15, 10.45, 18.15 * after the change from summer to winter time, the evening mass starts at 17.00.
Entry fee: voluntary, the contribution will support the restoration of the sacred monument.
2. Koloman Sokol Gallery
It represents the largest collection of works by an excellent graphic artist, a native of Liptovský Mikuláš Koloman Sokol, whose work was also appreciated by Pablo Picasso.
"Koloman Sokol doesn't need Picasso to be big," Pablo Picasso
Koloman Sokol (* December 12, 1902 Liptovský Mikuláš † January 13, 2003 Tucson, Arizona)
The basis of the permanent exhibition is 48 top works, which the artist dedicated to his native country. Koloman reached for social motives, he depicting hunger, misery, emaciated vagabonds, afflicted mothers, and motifs of horses, riders and dogs were common. His impressive works are usually black and white, later also enlivened by colour, but with a distinctive black contour. The collection of graphics and drawings is complemented by Sokol's biography, personal objects and images by the renowned Slovak photographer Tibor Huszar, which were created during his visit to Master Sokol in the United States. You can get to know not only the unique artistic expression of Koloman Sokol, but also his dramatic life story. The gallery is located in the historical premises of the Pongrác Manor House, which is the second oldest architectural monument in the town.
Námestie osloboditeľov 28, tel.: +421 44 562 0035
, Tue-Sat: 10.00-17.00, last recommended entry at 4.30 p.m., entry fee
3. Janko Kráľ Museum
The most curiosities from the rich 735-year history of Liptovský Mikuláš.
The exhibition “Chapters from the History of the Town”
will take you through the history of Liptovský Mikuláš documented from the first written mention of the town in 1286 until the period of World War II. View a replica of the Ondrašová Bronze Treasure from the 9th century BC, Baroque wooden sculptures, that were once a part of the main altar of the St Nicholas Church, and a rare painting of the nobleman Pongrác II, one of the most influential people in Hungary in the 15th century. Take a look into the room of the romantic poet Janko Kráľ and the life of the world-famous inventor Aurel Stodola, who was respected by Einstein himself! Meet the leading local families and tanneries that made Liptovský Mikuláš famous far beyond the country's borders. Be sure to stop by the museum's historical library with 4.500 rare titles.
Námestie osloboditeľov 30, tel.: +421 44 552 25 54, +421 915 317 490
, regular entries daily at: 10.30, 11.30, 12.30, 13.30, 14.30, 15.30, 16.30, 17.30, entry fee: Exposition Chapters from the History of the Town and Jánošík´s Torture Chamber and Courtroome adults €4, children €2, exhibition hall: adults €2, children €1
4. Jánošík´s Torture Chamber and Courtroom
The Janko Kráľ Museum hides one of the cruellest courts in the history of the town, where the brigand captain Juraj Jánošík was interrogated and convicted in 1713.
"This house hates laziness, loves peace, punishes crimes, preserves rights, and honours the good" – says the inscription found on a wall of the first County Hall, where Jánošík was most likely judged. Today, Jánošík´s Courtroom is located in these authentic premises.
You can learn how did the trial of legendary Jánošík take place in Jánošík´s Torture Chamber, which is hidden in the dark underground of the museum. The gloomy atmosphere is completed by historical drawings of torture, torture instruments – a scraper, a pincer, Spanish boot, or pliers for pulling the tongue. They are witnessing the inhuman practices of the time when torture was a legal part of the trial. In Jánošík´s Courtroom, which realistically depicts the courts of the time, you can dress in period costumes and become a judge, advocate or Jánošík himself. Test the hardness of the scraper, sit in the judge´s chair, or adjudge Jánošík to death. You can also see a gallows with a hook, although Jánošík was executed on a hill on the outskirts of the town, as a warning. As robbery was considered a felony, they chose one of the cruellest methods of execution - hanging on a hook through a man´s left rib. Jánošík´s Torture Chamber and Courtroom are part of the exposition of the Janko Kráľ Museum.
Námestie osloboditeľov 30, tel.: +421 44 552 25 54, +421 915 317 490 , regular entries daily at: 10.30, 11.30, 12.30, 13.30, 14.30, 15.30, 16.30, 17.30, entry fee: Exposition Chapters from the History of the Town and Jánošík´s Torture Chamber and Courtroome adults €4, children €2, exhibition hall: adults €2, children €1
Discounts with Liptov Region Card
5. Metamorphosis Fountain
With the names of famous natives, Metamorphosis Fountain is the most photographed place in the pedestrian zone. The place of honour belongs to the inventor, Professor Aurel Stodola, who was considerably respected by Albert Einstein himself.
„When I take my pen in my hand to write a few words about Professor Stodola, the master of technology, a gentle yet firm man, I feel that my expressive abilities are too limited to treat such a person the way he deserves. ”Albert Einstein
A monumental work of art „A Tribute to Creative Thinking“ dominates the fountain. Blocks with rotating mirror surfaces symbolize the constant transformation and movement, the infinity of the passage of time, thoughts, ideas and new changes, as well as the imaginary turbine blades of a modern machine. It was the turbines, the new scientific discipline at that time, to which the scientist and visionary Aurel Stodola dedicated his life. At the age of 81, he received the greatest honour a technician can receive - he was awarded the James Watt International Gold Medal, similar to the Nobel Prize in Technology. Today, his name is immortalized in the dark granite of the static block of the fountain. The second block bears the names of seventy Mikuláš´s natives, who are permanently inscribed in the history of the city - scientists, artists, writers, priests, doctors, teachers, ... The area around the fountain is a popular resting place with many cafés and patisseries.
Námestie osloboditeľov (Liberators Square), northern side of the square
6. County Hall
In the largest building in the middle of the square, there housed the County Administration Centre, once also the County Court and Prison. Its facade is decorated with a relief of the coat-of-arms of the Liptov County, the staircase is illuminated by beautiful stained glass windows designed by Ester Šimerová-Martinčeková.
"The Liptov County´s coat-of-arms depicts a spruce, a wolf, a raven and an eagle, which represent the richness of the surrounding forests. The animal motifs may have originally symbolized the duel of the Zapolsky family depicted as a wolf and the Korvin family depicted as a raven."
Although the construction of this majestic building began as early as 1778, it was completed in 1793 by the master bricklayer Peter Grossmann from Banská Bystrica. After devastating fires in April 1878 and July 1883, it was reconstructed, and another floor was added in 1907 according to the drawings of the royal architect Imrich Legman. Then it took on its current form. Now its premises mainly serve the District Office. In front of the County Hall there is a large space where life has always pulsated. In the past, Tuesday markets took place there, as well as fairs several times a year, and it was also a place for the townspeople to welcome guests - for example, President Benes in 1936. Today, this area is the centre of traditional events like County Days, Mikuláš´s Fair, Potato Feast, Mikuláš´s Summer and many others.
Námestie osloboditeľov 1 (Liberators Square)
One of the largest and most stylish in Slovakia, the synagogue excels at its richly decorated Art Nouveau interior.
„At the beginning of the 19th century, Liptovský Mikuláš was given the adjective Jewish Athens or a town full of sages and Holly Scripture scholars.“
The synagogue, built in 1842-46, acquired its current appearance after reconstruction in 1906, when the famous Budapest architect Leopold Baumhorn inter-connected the original classicist exterior with the Art Nouveau interior. The magnificent interior features blue-gold stucco decoration, a large coloured stained glass ceiling with a motif of sun and flowers against a blue sky, and the „Aron Kodesh“ cabinet composed as an imposing gate, where the Torah scrolls were kept. An exhibition on the history of the Jewish community, which co-created the history of the town for more than two centuries, is installed in the synagogue´s western gallery. The first Jewish families came here around 1720 at the invitation of the nobleman Pongrac, who, since their arrival, had awaited economic development. His expectations were met as the Jews were great merchants. They dealt mainly with wood, leather, fabrics, alcohol and tobacco. However, there were excellent teachers, doctors and lawyers among them. Even the great-granddaughter of Queen Victoria of England grew up in the family of the Jewish teacher Rubin Schwalb. You can hear her fascinating life story and the stories of other Mikulas´s Jews, if you book a guided tour at Information Centre. The history of this exceptional community came to an end during World War II, when 885 Jews were gradually deported from March 1942. Only a fraction of them managed to survive. A memorial plaque on the front wall of the synagogue also commemorates the victims of the Holocaust. A copy of the famous relief by the Mikuláš´s painter Michal Kernas can also be found in the World Holocaust Remembrance Centre in Jerusalem; others are located in six different Slovak synagogues. At present, the consecrated synagogue is a museum exposition and many cultural events take place in it. The most famous is „Mosty Gesharim“ (Gesharim = eng. Bridges), which are regularly broadcast by Slovak Television.
Hollého ulica 4, tel.: +421 44 552 25 54
, +421 915 317 490
1.7.-31.8. Mon-Sun: 10.00-18.00, outside the summer season it is possible to book entries in the Janko Kráľ Museum
, entry fee:
adults: €2, children: €1, your contribution will support the restoration of the sacred monument.
8. Liptov Gallery of P. M. Bohúň
The third oldest gallery in Slovakia has the largest exhibition hall among Slovak galleries and manages more than 5.300 works.
„The gallery is situated in a building from the end of the 18th century, which was built for the needs of evangelical education. In 1854 - 1865, Peter Michal Bohúň, a painter of the national revival and a classic of Slovak fine art of the 19th century worked here as a teacher."
At present, the gallery has five permanent exhibitions and an exhibition hall, where large group exhibitions, thematic, collective or author exhibitions take place. The adjoining gallery garden is a popular relaxation area in the middle of the historic centre.
"The Origin of the painting" exhibition paintings, icons and sculptures of the 15th - 19th centuries. It offers an insight into the chronological beginnings of painting, iconography and sculpture from gallery collections, while a large number of presented works have so far been stored in depository spaces, out of sight of visitors.
The exhibition of „Portrait, Landscape, Genre in a Representative Cross-Section“ represents the development of Slovak painting in the 19th century. Portrait painting (Czauczik, Klemens) and landscape themes of the second half of the 19th century (E. Ballo, Medňanský, Skutecký, etc.) are the main themes represented in the exhibition.
“The Bohúň´s Hall“ exhibition is dedicated to the creative personality of Peter Michal Bohúň (1822 - 1879), the founder of a realistic portrait. His works are characterized by a calm classical composition, harmonious richness of colour and perfect painting of details. He focused mainly on portraits of burgesses and nationalists, but he also painted altar paintings, and created cycles of costumed Slovaks. He devoted himself to lithography and photography. In the exhibition you can admire 32 Bohúň´s paintings.
„The 20th Century - Modernism“ exhibition represents the work of the founding generation of modern Slovak art in the first half of the 20th century, which draws on themes from the rural, later urban and intimate environment. These are painters influenced by Art Nouveau, symbolism, expressionism (Zolo Palugyay, Anton Jasusch, Edmund Gwerk), artists overlapping the European modernism (Ľudovít Fulla, Mikuláš Galanda, I. Weiner Kráľ) and members of the so-called Generation 1909 (Jan Mudroch, Ján Želibský, Ladislav Čemický, Ester Š. Martinčeková and others).
„The Liptov Exposition“ – a home and exile with works by Slovak visual art personalities from the second half of the 20th century to the present. Liptov is important for the authors in various ways. At the same time their work transcends this local space and influences culture in a national or even international sense (Ester Š. Martinčeková, Martin Martinček, Miroslav Ksandr, Michal Kern, Milan Adamčiak, Ján Kudlička, Mira Podmanická, Marek Jarotta and others).
The gallery garden
with benches, where the signatures of Mikulas´s artists are hidden, is an ideal place to relax with a good book, which you can borrow from the book kiosk. Or you can bring delicious treats and have a small picnic on the fragrant grass. You can borrow a picnic blanket from the box in the garden. There is also an interesting playground waiting for families with children.
9. Our Mother Statue
Created by Alojz Štróbl, a native of the Liptov region and a leading figure in Hungarian sculpture, the statue is registered in the Louvre, Paris as a work belonging to the most perfect sculptures in the world. Its bronze casting is exhibited in front of the Liptov Gallery of P. M. Bohúň.
"Her silent image of being is presented with such intimacy that only an artist, who loves his mother, is capable of", art historian K. Lyka.
The statue represents the beloved mother of the artist as he remembered her sitting in a chair in front of the house in Kráľova Lehota,with a bible in her lap. Photographs of the statue as a symbol of maternal love have long been sold in the USA, especially for Mother's Day. The marble original is on display in the Hungarian National Gallery.
Alojz Štróbl (1856-1926) was the first Hungarian sculptor to have the Emperor Franz Joseph to sit as a model. He created more than 600 sculptures and paintings. One of the most admired is the 12-meter-high monumental fountain group „Fountain of King Matthias“ at Buda Castle, Budapest. He was the first in Hungary to create animal sculptures. Their appearance is very faithful, as the modelswere real or caught animals. This is also evidenced by the Wounded Wild Boar statue, which is also located in front of the entrance to the Liptov Gallery. Although Štróbl worked mainly at the University of Sculpture in Budapest, where he became director at the age of 31, he was happy to return to Liptov. He surprised his surroundings with eccentric behaviour. In his hometown of KralovaLehota, he organized processions and hunts for his guests in historical costumes; at Christmas he used to sing carol around Liptov villages, even in a traditional costume - „krpce“ (peasant´s shoes) and a shirt; he travelled to Rome to copy Michelangelo's statue of Moses.
10. Evangelical Church
With a capacity of 1,700 seats, it is one of the largest evangelical churches in Slovakia.
"The construction of Liptovský Mikuláš´s Evangelical Church was made possible due to the Edict of Toleration issued by the Hungarian King Joseph II in1781, which allowed places with at least of 100 evangelical families to build churches. The church could be wooden or brick, without bells and towers, and built on the outskirts of the village, with the entrance facing away from the main street."
The church was built in 1783-85 by evangelicals from 13 villages within the Liptov region. It was originally a simple classicist building without a tower. It was added to the temple almost 100 years later and has served as the main entrance ever since. The interior features a 6.5-meter-high late Baroque altar, which is richly decorated with wood carvings with gilded elementsand an image of the Crucified Christ in the middle. Other curiosities include a classicist pulpit adorned with plant motifs and a rare organ from 1892. The entrance to the church is lined with statues of two most important personalities of the church. One of them is Juraj Tranovský, an author of the first evangelical songbook Cithar Sanctorum, published in 1636. He used 1,300 songs in most Slovak evangelical choirs until 1992. The second personality is Michal Miloslav Hodža, who alongside with the Štúr nationalists stood at the birth of literary Slovak language, founded the first Slovak cultural association Tatrín 1844, and four years later they wrote the first political program Demands of the Slovak Nation. Today, these events of national significance are commemorated by the museum exposition Tatrín and Demands of the Slovak Nation.
11. Slovak Museum of Nature Protection and Speleology
The only museum of its kind in Slovakia with interactive expositions „Karst and Caves of Slovakia“ and „Protected Nature of Slovakia” with its parts „Earth a Place to Live“and „Man, Mountains, NATURA 2000“.
"The museum is housed in a former Jesuit monastery. Don't be fooled by the historical appearance of this building, the museum is modern and interactive from the underground to the lookout tower. ”
You can embark on a great expedition for the beauty, diversity and mysteries of nature with two permanent exhibitions on an area of 1,400 m2. The Karst and Cave exhibition presents the phenomenon of karst in all its contexts from the origin and development of the cave, cave decoration, archaeological findings to the work of aspeleologist. Here you can try crawling in the cave. In the first part of the exhibition „Protected Nature of Slovakia - Earth, a Place to Live“, you will experience the atmosphere of the Earth's origin, see protected and precious minerals, as well as fragments of Slovak meteorites, a diverse kingdom of plants, mushrooms and animals which exhibits are located in natural ecosystems. The atmosphere is supported by sound effects –bird singing, marmot whistling, andwolf howling. An interesting experience is to crawl into a bear's lair. The second part of the exhibition “Protected Nature of Slovakia - Man, Mountains, NATURA 2000” maps the impact of economic and leisure activities of man on the landscape and surrounding nature. You can end your tour in the museum´slookout tower, from where you will get a view of the panorama of the surrounding mountains and the ancient landmarks of the town.
Školská 4, tel: +421 44 547 72 10
, +421 44 547 72 30
, opening hours entry fee museum virtual tour
Discounts with Liptov Region Card
12. NKP Čierny Orol Liptov Museum
In its exposition „Hunting and Fishing in Liptov“ the museum presents the most typical representatives of the fauna in the Liptov region.
The museum will take you through the history of hunting and fishing in Liptov from the Middle Ages until today through knowledge and exhibits of game, various hunting gears,as well as a hunting salon furnished with period furniture. It will introduce you to the development of organizational forms of hunting and fishing, as well as important personalities from this area, and the depiction of hunting and fishing by Liptov artists. An exhibition of the herbal healer Elena Badová, who with her knowledge of medicinal herbs helped people not only from Slovakia, is also part of the museum.
The museum is housed in the historical premises of the Čierny Orol (eng. Black Eagle) building, where Gašpar Fejérpataky-Belopotocký began writing the history of Slovak amateur theatrein August 1830, by introducing the comedy Kocúrkovo.
Ulica 1. mája 28/196, tel: +421 44 551 47 85
, 1.7. - 15.9.:
Mo-Fri 9.00 - 17.00, Sa-Su 13.00 - 17.00, 16. 9. - 30.9.
: Mo-Fri 9.00 - 16.00, Sa-Su 12.00 - 16.00, 1.10. - 30.6.
: Mo-Fri 9.00 - 16.00, Su 12.00 - 16.00, entry fee:
adults: €3, children: €1,50